Solar Power Plants in India
Solar Power Plants in India
Solar power, undoubtedly, is one of the fastest growing renewable energy sectors in India. The total installed capacity of solar power plants in India stands at 13.11 GW as of June 2017. Although this accounts for only 4% of the total installed electricity capacity for the country, the immense potential of solar power coupled with its versatility makes the drive towards increased number of solar power plants in India well founded. On an average, India has 300 clear sunny days in a year. The annual solar energy incident on Indian peninsula is around 5000 Trillion KWhs, which is more than the combined possible output from different fossil fuel reserves in India.
Back in 2011, India had just 461 MW of installed solar power plants. This has witnessed a Y-o-Y growth of 74% over a span of 6 years from 2011 to 2017. The graph of installed capacity of solar plants in India clearly shows the aggressive trend towards solar.
Enlisting the largest solar power projects in India, the under-construction Bhadla Solar Park in Rajasthan is going to be the largest solar power plant in India with a targeted capacity of 2255 MW. The 648 MW Kamuthi Solar Plant in Tamilnadu is not only the largest single-location solar plant in India but also the largest in the world. Other notable solar plants in India include Amplus' 4 MW rooftop PV plant for Yamaha Motors, which happens to be India's largest single-location rooftop plant.
The next big question that remains is who are the entities responsible for installing these solar power plants and supplying solar power thus generated to the end consumers. Solar power suppliers in India include utility scale providers such as Tata Power, NTPC, Adani and Renew Power who generate and sell the solar power to utilities for further distribution to individual customers. Another category of solar power suppliers in India are the solar developers who deal in distributed solar i.e. roof-top and ground-mounted solar plants within the premises of the customer. Amplus Solar, Cleanmax, Hero Futures Energy and Azure Power are a few names in this category. With the introduction of open access policy in the Electricity Act of India, many of these developers dealing in distributed solar have started developing solar parks for meeting power needs of a group of industrial and commercial consumers using the state transmission.
Solar power plant suppliers in India are generally not the ones manufacturing the components such as panels and inverters. Nevertheless, there are few players in the sector who perform project development alongside manufacturing and selling equipment. Although the solar sector is booming, Indian panel manufacturers have a long way to go so as to adequately match the demand at prices competitive with cheap Chinese modules. Solar power plant suppliers in India, such as Amplus Solar, are also coming up with new product offerings such as energy efficiency to make solar even more lucrative for the consumers.